Behold the marriage bond of Jesse M. Scott and Senia Malone, parents of Jesse Graham’s wife Sarah Scott. Many interesting things to see in the details. Let’s take a look!

Marriage Jesse Scott Senia Malone

First, notice that North Carolina is hyphenated. Yes, that’s a hyphen and not an artifact on the image. I checked other images from this collection and many of them had North Carolina hyphenated, but not all of them. Its use was inconsistent.

What appears to say “Jefse M Scott” is apparently “Jeſse M Scott”, using a long s. The long s, typeset with the character ſ, is “an archaic form of the lower case letter s,” says Wikipedia. It was most commonly used where a double-s appeared, such as in Jesse. Notice how the ſ looks very similar to an f. Consider this notion: If a person unfamiliar with the ſ came across it in the middle of a name, Jeſse for example, that person might mistake it for an f and perhaps assume “Jefse” to be an abbreviation of some longer name, perhaps Jefferson. What I’m saying is that Jesse M. Scott is often recorded as Jefferson Scott in family trees on, but I have not seen a single record that proves his name was Jefferson. Could my mistaken ſ scenario be the origin of the Jefferson “myth”? Either way, I’m going to stop referring to him as Jefferson until I get a proven source for that name.

“John Vaughan.” No idea who he might have been. Family friend, perhaps.

“David L. Swain.” Mr Swain was the 26th Governor of North Carolina. He served three one-year terms, from 1832 until 1835. Afterward, Swain was named president of the University of North Carolina, a post he held for 33 years.

“… in the sum of Five Hundred Pounds…” Being one of the thirteen British Colonies, North Carolina naturally based their currency on the British Pound. Following the Revolutionary War, the state issued its own currency, the North Carolina Pound. The States were supposed to stop printing their own currency with the passage of the Federal Coinage Act of 1792, but notice that the pre-printed date on this form begins with 183. The 1830s was nearly forty years after the Coinage Act created the United States dollar and the form still referred to pounds!

“25th day of July 1833.” The date of the marriage of Jesse and Senia.

“Senia Malone.” This record, being the earliest I’ve seen for Senia, affirms the spelling of her first name. In other records, she was often abbreviated (“S. P. Scott”), misspelled (“Cenia”) or shortened (“Sene”). This record appears to be the only source for her maiden name, Malone. I’ve been doing some research into the Malones of Caswell County, but I haven’t been able to establish a connection to Senia.

“… of the County aforesaid…” Actually, it doesn’t say the county anywhere on this record, but it is indexed with Caswell County.

“Henderson House.” Sounds like a plantation in the antebellum south, but really just the name of a witness or court official.

Bibliography North Carolina, Marriage Records, 1741-2011 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2015. Original data: North Carolina County Registers of Deeds. Microfilm. Record Group 048. North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh, NC.

Wikipedia contributors. (2020, January 12). Long s. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 01:20, February 4, 2020, from

Wikipedia contributors. (2019, September 22). David Lowry Swain. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 01:44, February 4, 2020, from

Wikipedia contributors. (2019, December 7). North Carolina pound. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 02:30, February 4, 2020, from

Wikipedia contributors. (2020, January 20). Coinage Act of 1792. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 01:57, February 4, 2020, from